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外研版选修八Module5《The Conquest of the Universe》ppt课件3_图文

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1.may 表示祝愿;常说成:May sb. do sth. May you have a good time! 祝你过得愉快! 即学即用 翻译句子 祝你成功! ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ? 答案:May you succeed!

? 2.acknowledge vt. 承认;公认为;认为
? 其后可接名词、代词或动名词,也可接从

句或复合结构。
? ①I acknowledge the truth of his statement.

? 我承认他说的是事实。
? ②He was acknowledged to be the best player. ? 他被公认为是最佳选手。 ? ③It is universally acknowledged that dogs

? 知识拓展 ? 1)It is universally acknowledged that... …… 是大家公认的 ? acknowledge one's letter 告知已收到某人的 来信 ? acknowledge one's help 对某人的帮助表示 感谢 ? 2)acknowledgement n.承认;感谢 ? in acknowledgement of ? 承认……;为……表示感谢

? 词语辨析 ? acknowledge, recognize, admit ? acknowledge 指“公开承认 ( 隐瞒或否认过 的事)”。 ? recognize指“正式承认(主权、权利等)”。 ? admit 指“在外界或自己良心的压力下承 认”。

? 即学即用 ? 完成句子 ? (1)Deng Yaping is________( 承 认 ; 公 认 为)to be the best table tennis player. ? 答案:acknowledged

? 单项填空 ? (2)His long service with the company was ________ with a present. ? A.admitted B.acknowledged ? C.attributed D.accepted ? 答案: B 句意为:赠送一个礼物对他为 公司的长久服务表示感谢。 admit“ 容许; 承 认 ” ; attribute “ 把 …… 归 因 于 ; 认 为……是某人所为”;accept “接受;认可; 承认”。

? 3.backward(s)adv./adj.向后地/的;倒退地 /的 ? ①It is dangerous to walk backward. ? 倒着走是危险的 ? ②He made a backward step. ? 他向后退了一步。

? 知识拓展 ? know...backward(s)对……极其熟悉 ? backward(s)and forward(s) 来回地,忽前忽 后,翻来覆去地 ? 词语辨析 ? walk backwards, walk back

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4.deed n.[C]行为,所做的事 ①His deeds do not agree with his words. 他言行不一。 ②It is not difficult to do a good deed but it's hard to do good deeds all your life. ? 做一件好事并不难,难的是一辈子做好事。

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知识拓展 indeed实际上 indeed adv.确实,实在 in name but not in deed有名无实

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5.avenge v.替……报仇,报复 ①He avenged his father's murder. 他报了杀父之仇。 ②She avenged herself on the murderers for her daughter's death. ? 她对杀害她女儿的人进行报复。

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知识拓展 avenge the murder of sb.为某人被杀报仇 词语辨析 avenge, revenge avenge 通常指为伸张正义而采取正当手段 进行报仇。 ? revenge通常指为私怨而报复,常带有强烈 的恶意。

? 6.sorrow n.[U]悲伤;悲痛 ? ①The boy felt deep sorrow when he lost his dog. ? 那男孩在失去他的狗时感到非常悲伤。 ? ②Sorrow treads on the heels of joy. ? 悲哀跟着喜悦而来。 ? 知识拓展 ? to one's sorrow令人伤心/遗憾的是 ? cause much sorry to...使……非常伤心 ? sorrowful adj.悲伤的;伤心的

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词语辨析 sorrow, sadness, grief sorrow意思较强,往往时间较长。 sadness“悲哀”的一般用语。 grief(=great sorrow)比sorrow语气强,尤指 因所爱的人死去而引起的悲哀。 ? ①He was full of sorrow.他非常伤心。 ? ② Wife went mad with grief after his husband died. ? 丈夫死后,妻子因悲痛而发疯了。

? 7 . latter n . [the ~ ]( 刚提及的两个人或物 之中的)后一个,第二个 ? ①Ken and Mary came, the latter wearing a red dress. ? 凯恩和玛丽来了,后者 ( 玛丽 ) 穿着红色的 衣服。 ? ②They keep horses and cattle, the former for riding, the latter for food. ? 他们养马和牛,前者供乘骑,后者供食用。 ? 知识拓展 ? the former..., the latter... 前 者 …… , 后

用法

? 词语辨析 lat 指时间 后来 later e 后一 latter 指顺序 个

含义

比较 级

最高 级 latest last

? 8.grasp n.[常sing.]/v.控制;抓住,抓牢; 理解,领会 ? ①She is in the grasp of a wicked man. ? 她受到一个恶人的控制。 ? ②The small boy grasped his mother's hand firmly. ? 小男孩紧紧抓住了母亲的手。 ? ③I think I have grasped the main points of the speech. ? 我想我已经领会了演说的要点。

? 特别提示 ? catch 同 grasp 一样,由“抓住” ( 动作之结 果)也可引申为“理解,明白”。 ? He did not catch on to the joke. ? 他不懂那笑话的含义。

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9.relief n.[U, sing.]安慰;宽慰 ①I felt a huge surge of relief and happiness. 我如释重负,感到一阵欣慰。 ②To my great relief, the difficulties were all overcome. ? 使我感到欣慰的是,困难全都克服了。

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知识拓展 to one's relief令人感到欣慰的是 [动词]relieve减轻 believe相信 [名词]relief痛苦减轻 belief相信

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10.division n.[C,U]部分; 部门;分配 ①There are twelve divisions of the textbook. 这本书教科书有12个部分。 ②The thieves quarrelled about the division of their stolen goods. ? 这些贼为分偷来的物品而争吵。

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知识拓展 divide v.划分,分开 11.abstract adj.抽象的 Some people say beauty itself is abstract. Do you agree? ? 有些人认为美本身是抽象的。你同意吗?

? 知识拓展 ? abstract v? .抽取,提取 [' adj./n n..[C]摘要 ? abstract? ? ' v.) ? ? (词性不同,发音各异
abstract...from 从……中提取 in the abstract 抽象地,一般性地

? 12.faith n. [U, C]宗教信仰;信任,信 念 ? ①People of every faith attended the mayor's funeral. ? 信仰不同宗教的人士出席了市长的葬礼。 ? ②He always puts his faith in the future. ? 他对未来总是抱有信心。 ? 知识拓展 ? have faith in相信,信任 ? lose faith in对……失去信心 ? faithful adj.忠诚的

? 13.dignity n.[U]尊贵;尊严 ? A man's dignity depends not upon his wealth but upon his character. ? 人的尊严不在于他的财富而在于他的人格。 ? 知识拓展 ? stand on one's dignity维持尊严 ? be beneath one's dignity有失体面

? 14.devotion n.[U,C]忠诚 ? At the meeting we showed our devotion to our leader. ? 在会上我们表示了对领袖的忠诚。 ? 知识拓展 ? devote v.献身于 ? devoted adj.忠诚的;专心的

? 15.supreme adj.最高超的;最优的;最重 要的;最大的 ? ① She was awarded a medal for showing supreme courage. ? 她因表现出卓绝的勇气而获得奖章。 ? ② The Pope is the supreme leader of the Roman Catholic Church. ? 教皇是罗马天主教的最高领袖。

? 16.scholar n.[C](文或英)学生;学者 ? ① As a scholar you will not have to pay college fees.
? 作为接受奖学金的学生,你不必付大学的 费用。 ? ②He is a famous Confucian scholar. ? 他是一位有名望的研究孔子的学者。 ? 知识拓展 ? scholarship n.[U]学问;[C]奖学金(制度)

? 17 . consult v .咨询;请教;查阅,查看; 商议 ? ①He consulted his lawyer about it. ? 他向他的律师请教那件事。 ? ②We lost our way and consulted the map. ? 我们迷了路,就查看地图。 ? ③I consulted with a friend of mine about it. ? 我和我的一位朋友商量那件事。

? 特别提示 ? consult指查阅(词典等);look up指(在词典 等中)查阅(单词等)。 ? He consulted his dictionary to look up the meaning of the word“apotheosis”. ? 他在字典中查看“ apotheosis” 这个单词的 词义。

? 词语辨析 ? consult, consult with

? 18.invasion n.[U,C]入侵 ? ① The army successfully fought off the foreign invasion. ? 该军成功地击退外国的入侵。 ? ②France itself was threatened with invasion. ? 法国自身也受到入侵的威胁。 ? 知识拓展 ? invade v.侵略 ? invader n.[C]侵略者;侵入者

? 19.alien n.[C]外星/国人 adj.外国/星(人) 的;相异的 ? ①This film is about aliens from Mars. ? 这部电影是关于来自火星的外星人的。 ? ②After being away for so long, he feels like an alien in his own country now.
? 背井离乡这么久,现在在自己的国家里, 他也觉得像个外人。 ? 特别提示 ? 相对 foreign 而言, alien 专指法律上的“外 国的,外国国籍的”。

? 1.put...aside 把……放在一边;撇开;储 存;备用 ? ①She put her needlework aside and we had a talk. ? 她放下针线活和我交谈起来。 ? ②You should put aside some money in case of emergency. ? 你该存点钱以防急用。

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即学即用 翻译句子 他总是舍小家顾大家。 ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ? ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ? 答案:He is always thinking of the country while putting aside his own family.

? 2.pray for 期盼;祈求 ? We are praying for good weather on Saturday. ? 我们期盼着在星期六会有一个好天气。

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知识拓展 pray还可构成以下短语: 1)pray to sb. for sth. 向某人祈求某事 I will pray to God for your safety. 我将祈求上帝保佑你的安全。 2)pray sb. to do sth. 请求某人做某事 I pray you to think again, because it is very important. ? 我请你再三考虑,因为它很重要。 ? 3)在pray tell me the time中pray是please的 意思,句意为“请问现在几点了”。

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即学即用 翻译句子 我们祈求上帝结束伊拉克人民的苦难。 ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ? 答案: We prayed to God for an end to sufferings of Iraqis.

? 3.as opposed to (介)相对之下;与……对照 下 ? His daughter is very athletic as opposed to his son, who is very clever. ? 他女儿擅长运动,儿子却擅用头脑,两人 恰成对比。

? 即学即用 ? 完成句子 ? They have doubled the output this year________( 与 …… 相比 )the year before last. ? 答案:as opposed to

? 1 . He accuses Darth Vader of killing his father, so he trains to become a Jedi knight and swears to avenge his loss. ? 他指责达斯· 维德杀死了自己的父亲,因此 他把自己训练成一名杰迪武士发誓要为自 己的损失报仇。 ? 1)accuse vt. (accused; accusing)控告;指控; 常用于句型 ? accuse sb. of sth./doing sth.。 ? ①The police accused him of murder. ? 警方指控他谋杀。

? 注意:其分词可作为定语; the accused 指 “被告”。 ? ①The judge asked the accused man to stand up, and he stood up. ? 法官要求被告站立,被告便站了起来。 ? ②The accused asked the judge for mercy. ? 被告要求法官从轻发落。 ? ③Several of the accused were found guilty. ? 被告中有些人被发现是有罪的。

? 2)train 可作不及物动词,表示“练习;锻 炼;接受训练”。 ? ①Our football team is training for the next game. ? 我们的足球队正在备战下一次比赛。 ? ②I trained to be a doctor. ? 我学的医。

? 即学即用 ? 完成句子 ? I don't think anyone can______(指责我不诚 实 ). ? 答案:accuse me of not being honest

? 单项填空 ? It was said that the president of the university had to resign as he was ________ of bribery (行贿). ? A.related B.blamed ? C.punished D.accused ? 答案:D 本题考查动词词义辨析。relate “ 相 关 ; 涉 及 到 ” , 通 常 与 to 搭 配 ; blame“ 责备”,通常与 for 连用; punish 意 为“惩罚”,通常与 for 连用; accuse“ 指 控”,通常与 of 连用。句意为:据说这所

? 2.Luke escapes the latter's grasp, as well as the Emperor's attempt to turn him to the Dark Side. ? 卢克摆脱了达斯· 维德的控制以及皇帝想使 他转向黑暗面的企图。 ? escape vi. 逃跑;逃脱 ? ①His name escaped me. ? 我记不起他的名字了。 ? ②The bird escaped being shot. ? 那小鸟未被击中。 ? ③You can't escape the fact that you have

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知识拓展 1)escape n. 逃跑;逃脱 a fire escape 火灾避难设备通道 an escape of gas 煤气泄漏 2)常用词组 have a narrow escape 九死一生;幸免于难 escape punishment/being punished 逃避惩罚

? 即学即用 ? He lied to his parents in order to escape________for what he had done. ? A.punishing B . having punished ? C.punished D.being punished ? 答案:D

? 3.For example, Anakin Skywalker causes the death of his wife while coming to her aid. ? 例如,当安纳金· 斯凯沃克救他的妻子时, 却造成了她的死亡。 ? aid n. 援助;救护;辅助器具;有帮助的 事物 ? ①She came to my aid. ? 她来帮助我。 ? ② Dictionaries are a great aid in learning language. ? 字典对于学习语言有很大的帮助。

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知识拓展 1)aid v. 帮助;援助 I aided him in his enterprise. 我帮助他做这一事业。 2)常用词组: ①aid sb. in sth./doing sth. 帮助某人做某事 ②in aid of 支持;为……筹措 ③first aid 急救

? 即学即用 ? He was so kind a boy that he often ________ his mother clean the table, even the furniture. ? A.helped B.assisted ? C.aided D.offered ? 答案:A aid/help sb. with sb.“帮助某人做 某事”;assist sb. in doing sth.或assist sb. to do sth. “协助某人做某事”; offer sb. sth. “提供某人某物”或offer to do sth.“主 动做某事”。只有 help 后的复合不定式能 省去to。



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